+ The description
+ System of release of the fulfilled gases
+ Cooling system
+ Fuel tank and the fuel pump
+ The air filter and воздухозаборные channels
+ Injection system
+ Transmission and transmission
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Brake system
+ Antiblocking system of brakes
+ Wheels and tyres
+ Kuzovnaja electrosystem
- Ignition system
Various systems of ignition
Principle of work of ignition
Impulses for the management block
Regulation on a detonation
Security measures at work with ignition system
Repair of system of ignition
Diagnostics of system of ignition
The ignition distributor
The gauge of detonation combustion
High voltage elements
Replacement of spark plugs
Check of the moment of ignition
+ Signalling devices
+ Devices and auxiliary devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ Body elements
+ Search of malfunctions
Replacement of spark plugs
The servicing plan provides each 30 000 km replacement of spark plugs. This interval is represented to us real and to prolong it it is not necessary. It is necessary to watch closely serviceability of system of ignition, especially on the cars equipped catalytic with neutralizer, – we already spoke about it. But nevertheless it is necessary to look at the removed candles attentively: it is more low specified, about what to you can tell a deposit on a spark plug.
By the way, if you have removed candles for the control in an interval between replacements: their hands it is better not to clean. It will damage изоляционный a layer of an average electrode of a spark plug (стеатит). However between electrodes you can check up a backlash.
Removal of spark plugs
To pull together tips of spark plugs from contact probes of candles. Not to pull wires!
To turn out spark plugs and to put according to sequence of cylinders that on a candle condition it was possible to draw conclusions on a condition of the corresponding cylinder.
If candles are difficultly turned out, do not apply force, differently the carving in a head from an easy alloy can break.
Warm up the engine and now turn out candles.
At installation it is impossible to roll cold candles in the hot engine, then they will be difficult for turning out.
Spark plugs need to be tightened the moment 20 Н•м. If near at hand is not present динамометрического a wrench:
To screw a candle to прилегания a sealing ring – in this case it it is impossible to turn more neither a hand, nor a candle key without the use of force.
Now, if you have established new candles, tighten a candle key still approximately on a turn quarter.
If you put already used candles, will be enough if you turn a candle key approximately on 15 °.
Helps: that it is easier to screw and subsequently to turn out a candle, you can put a few graphite from a soft pencil on a carving or a little copper greasing. Oil or usual plastic greasing lead прикипанию spark plugs in a carving of a head of the block of cylinders.
The defective carving of a spark plug is at all an occasion to despair! The workshop will put in this case the special carving plug (for example insert Heli-Coil).
Deposit on candles
Spark plugs in a sense this word are witnesses of combustion in the engine. Appearance of spark plugs allows to define (deposit), whether the engine optimum works. Preliminary it is necessary to warm up thoroughly the engine on a country road or a motorway. The control after a short distance can lead to wrong conclusions. Look a tip of a cone of an insulator with an average electrode and lateral electrodes.
The tip of a cone of an insulator has grey or brownish colour: well adjusted system of injection, the engine works economically.
Strong adjournment: additives in engine oil or fuel, or the raised expense of oil can be the reason. Probably, it is necessary to change oil or fuel mark.
Black сажеобразные adjournment: the spark plug because of frequent trips on short distances does not reach self-cleaning temperature, wrong калильное number.
The tip of a cone of an insulator has brown colour: too early moment of ignition, does not function electronic regulation of the moment of ignition or the gauge of detonation combustion.
Traces оплавлений on an average and lateral electrodes: калильное the ignition caused by adjournment in the chamber of combustion, перегретыми atomizers, the wrong moment of the ignition which have been brought down by the moment of ignition, the faulty gauge of detonation combustion or an engine overheat.
The insulator cone is broken, in an initial stage is distinguishable as a thin crack: detonating combustion because of the bad fuel, incorrectly adjusted ignition, the brought down moment of ignition, the faulty gauge of the detonation combustion, insufficient cooling of the engine or pauperisation of a mix because of hit of not considered air.
Oil layer on electrodes and an internal surface of a spark plug: the damaged piston rings, directing valves or маслосъемные caps of valves.
If on a surface of a spark plug there are no specified signs, however the engine all the same is slowly started or works with faults, the reason nevertheless can be covered in candles. Invisible cracks in a ceramic insulator can be filled during cold start with condensed fuel because of what there is a spark leak. Candles can refuse at operation though the spark is visible when the candle is removed.
Backlash between electrodes
The fuel and air mix, and also combustion products render корризионное influence on metal electrodes of spark plugs. And the high voltage at проскакивании sparks pulls out metal parts because of what in operation the backlash between electrodes increases. Following indicators of a backlash between electrodes of spark plugs are admissible:
4 and 5-cylinder engines: 0,7—0,9 mm
6-cylinder engines: 0,9—1,1 mm
At applied in Audi 80 three-electrode candles the igniting spark can «choose to itself» accordingly the shortest spark interval. Therefore hardly it is required to turn in an electrode in addition.